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Gastric Diseases and Cancer

GASTRIC CANCER

Gastric cancer is seen more commonly in men and in people over the age of 50 and is derived from the cells lining inside the stomach. While its frequency has been decreasing over the past years, it still continues to be an important health problem.

The Risk Factors for Gastric Cancer are

• Consuming; intensively salted pickles, some food preservatives, high-temperature, charred meats, cigarettes, excessive red meat.

• Repeated use of the same oil in fries

The only proven cause of gastric cancer is the Helicobacter pylori bacteria. Settling of this bacterium in the stomach can cause stomach cancer in the long term. Therefore, identifying this bacterium during an endoscopy and its treatment are important. However, this does not mean that the presence of this bacteria will definitely lead to gastric cancer.

Stomach cancer symptoms are often vague. In the presence of the complaints below, gastric cancer should come to mind and a doctor should be seen.
• Stomach pain, burn
• Poor appetite
• Bloating, indigestion after eating
• Recurrent episodes of nausea and vomiting
• Stomach ache
• Unreasonable weight loss
• Anemia

The definitive diagnosis of gastric cancer is possible with endoscopy. After the pathological examination of the sample taken by endoscopy a tomography is arranged to stage the disease. The treatment of gastric cancer is surgery. Even in advanced tumors surgical treatment is recommended to improve the life quality of the patient. Chemotherapy prior to surgery could be beneficial for the shrinkage of the cancer and therefore could set a more suitable environment for surgery in advanced tumor cases. Early diagnosis is very important in gastric cancer as in all cancers. Early endoscopic examination when there are some complaints about the stomach is highly important.

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